ADAPT is the world-leading SFI research centre for Digital Media Technology and AI hosted by Trinity College Dublin. ADAPT's partner institutions include Dublin City University, University College Dublin, Technological University Dublin, Maynooth University, Munster Technological University, Technological University of the Shannon: Midlands Midwest, and the National University of Ireland Galway. ADAPT's research vision is to pioneer new forms of proactive, scalable, and integrated AI-driven Digital Content Technology that empower individuals and society to engage in digital experiences with control, inclusion, and accountability with the long term goal of a balanced digital society.
AWO is a law firm and consultancy that includes lawyers, technology analysts, ethicists, data scientists, and policy experts. Our litigation team has pioneering expertise in bringing strategic legal challenges that advance data rights, such the Cambridge Analytica litigation. Our compliance team specialises in DPIAs for complex data processing environments and algorithm audits and impact assessments. Our policy and strategic research teams conduct original research and analysis at the intersection of public policy, emerging technology issues, and algorithm governance. Together they provide a unique suite of complementary legal and consultancy services. Our commercial practice aims to give those less-resourced a voice.
The Ada Lovelace Institute (Ada) was established by the Nuffield Foundation in early 2018, in collaboration with the Alan Turing Institute, the Royal Society, the British Academy, the Royal Statistical Society, the Wellcome Trust, Luminate, techUK and the Nuffield Council on Bioethics. Ada’s mission is to ensure that data and AI work for people and society. We believe that a world where data and AI work for people and society is a world in which the opportunities, benefits and privileges generated by data and AI are justly and equitably distributed and experienced.
AlgorithmWatch is a non-profit research and advocacy organization that is committed to watch, unpack and, analyze algorithmic/automated decision-making (ADM) systems and their impact on society. We enable citizens to better understand ADM systems and develop ways to achieve democratic governance of these processes – with a mix of technologies, regulation, and suitable oversight institutions. With this, we strive to contribute to a fair and inclusive society and to maximize the benefit of ADM systems for society at large.
BEUC is the Brussels-based umbrella group for 46 consumer organisations from 32 countries. Our main role is to represent them to the EU institutions and defend the interests of European consumers. Our work involves making sure the EU takes policy decisions that improve the lives of consumers. This covers a range of topics including competition, consumer rights, digital rights, enforcement, financial services, health, sustainability and trade policy. We were founded in 1962 by consumer groups from six European countries. Nowadays our members are from all 27 EU Member States as well as Iceland, North Macedonia, Norway, Switzerland and the UK.
The Chair Digital Self-Determination at the Berlin University of the Arts being part of the Einstein Center Digital Future aims at developing mechanisms, tools and concepts that help actors involved in data-driven innovation to better identify and control the risks and, as a consequence from this, to better exploit the advantages of data-driven innovation. To this end, the research group structures its research program along the following research clusters: Data protection by design; data governance; certificates and codes of conduct; digital urban health and aging (DUHA).
Bits of Freedom believes in an open and just society. One in which people can hold power accountable and effectively question the status quo. The way in which our societies are digitizing comes with great risks. Two fundamental rights play a key role in protecting us against these threats: freedom of communication and privacy. In addition, they are essential if we are to fully realize the emancipatory potential of the Internet. For two decades it has been our mission to shape internet policy in support of this vision. We do this through advocacy, campaigning and litigation, in the Netherlands and Brussels.
The Centre for Business Information Ethics is a research centre at Meiji University in Tokyo. We research the implications of computer and communications technology for society including legal and ethical issues. Our recent and current projects include: the social acceptability of implantable physical/intellectual enhancement technology; AI in manufacturing and its potential impact on employment; usable security and privacy; film studies and security; film studies and surveillance.
The Centre for Information Policy Leadership (CIPL) works with data protection professionals and other industry leaders, regulatory authorities and policy makers to provide thought leadership, develop global solutions and organisational best practices that ensure data privacy and responsible use of data and enable the modern information age. Bringing together professional data privacy law and compliance expertise, regulatory outlooks, academic points of view and practical industry experience and bridging these different stakeholders and perspectives is a major hallmark of our success.
Last June 24th, 2021 the launch and the beginning of the activities of the South EU Google Data Governance Chair took place. The Board is headed by Professor José Luis Piñar, from CEU San Pablo University, Madrid. The Board counts with Professors Maria da Graça Canto Moniz (Nova University Lisbon), Georgios Yannopoulos (University of Athens) and Vincenzo Zeno-Zencovich (University of RomaTre). The Chair will focus on scientific reflection and research in the academic field on data governance, in the context of the European countries. In addition, it will serve as a framework to analyze the challenges for Law and Data Governance in the European sphere, in areas such as Big Data, Data Driven Innovation, Artificial Intelligence or International Personal Data flows.
The Research Center for Information Technology Innovation (CITI) at Academia Sinica was founded in February 2007 in Taipei, Taiwan. The Center's purpose is to integrate the research and development activities in information technologies among various organizations in Academia Sinica, and also to further leverage IT-related multidisciplinary research. The mission of CITI is to promote the innovation and application of information technologies, with emphases on exploring the enabling technology for essential infrastructure and also on integrating interdisciplinary technologies so as to provide the key ingredients for knowledge-based and service-based societies.
The council of Europe is the continent's leading human rights organisation. It includes 47 member states, 28 of which are members states of the European Union. All Council of Europe member states have signed up to the European Convention on Human Rights, a treaty designed to protect human rights, democracy and the rule of law. The European Court of Human Rights oversees the implementation of the Convention in the member states.
CAIDP is a global independent, research and education organisation. Our mission is to promote a better society, more fair, more just - a world where technology promotes broad social inclusion based on human rights, democratic institutions, and the rule of law. We train AI policy advocates, researchers, and practitioners across 60+ countries. CAIDP serves as an advisor on AI policy to the OECD, UNESCO, the European Union, the Council of Europe, the Global Partnership on AI, European Law Institute, and other national and international organizations. Our annual publication is "AI and Democratic Values Index.
Housed at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL), the Center for Digital Trust (C4DT) brings together 37 laboratories with partners from business, civil society, and policy to share insights, collaborate, and to gain early access to trust-building technologies. C4DT provides its partners access to knowledge and expertise distributed over EPFL’s research labs in privacy protection and cryptography, blockchains and smart contracts, software verification, device and system security, as well as machine learning. In applications across finance, health, democracy & humanitarian assistance, critical infrastructure, and digital information concrete use cases and projects illustrate how these technologies contribute to solving the challenges of achieving trust in the digital world.
The Cyber and Data Security Lab (CDSL) aims to explore the legal aspects of cybersecurity and information security. It is part of the internationally renowned Research Group on Law, Science, Technology & Society (LSTS) at the Faculty of Law and Criminology of Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Belgium. As per its mission statement, CDSL aims to further knowledge, promote awareness, and foster new ideas within the legal framework on cybersecurity and information security, both globally and within the EU. To this end it carries out funded research, assumes advisory roles, publishes its findings and encourages international dialogue within its fields of expertise.
Data Privacy Brasil Research Association produces research and advocacy at the intersection of technology, data and fundamental rights. Based on an Ethical Funding and Transparency Policy, the association develops strategic research projects in the protection of personal data, mobilizing knowledge that can help regulators, judges and legal professionals deal with complex issues that require in-depth knowledge about how social systems affect fundamental rights. The association is a non-profit civil society organization established in 2020.
Data protection is taking on an increasingly prominent role in legislation. The need for sound training courses for Data Protection Officers is growing. With the publication of the first version of the GDPR, the role of a Data Protection Officer was added to the European legislative framework on data protection. That signalled the start for DPI. In 2016, the final GDPR text was published which prompted a huge increase in course participants. DPI developed into a leading training company in GDPR. To date, we have trained more than 3,000 professionals and we have a range of GDPR courses.
Datatilsynet (The Norwegian Data Protection Authority) is an independent public body, which monitors compliance with the Data Protection Act in Norway. Datatilsynet is both an ombudsman in privacy matters and a supervisory authority under the Data Protection Act. This entails being a "watchdog" and participating in public debate on privacy issues, and at the same time, supervise that companies are in compliance with the Data Protection Act. In 2020, Datatilsynet established a regulatory sandbox for responsible artificial intelligence, to support the innovation of ethical and privacy-friendly AI solutions.
ECNL’s mission is to create legal and policy environments that enable individuals, movements and organisations to exercise and protect their civic freedoms; and to put into action transformational ideas that address national and global challenges. ECNL’s approach is to empower local advocates, organisations and movements, and where possible, national authorities to understand the trends and their impact, to have the knowledge and tools to create and defend their own spaces. Our goals are: 1) defending civic freedoms through knowledge, strategies and tools; 2) empowering activists and organisations to protect and expand civic freedoms through joint action and 3) strengthening standards.
The European Federation of Data Protection Officers (EFDPO) is a Brussels-based European network of 14 national associations of data protection officers and other privacy professionals. Its mission is to exchange information, experience and methods, to establish a continuous dialogue with the political sphere, business representatives and civil society to ensure a flow of information from the European to the national level and to proactively monitor, evaluate and shape the implementation of the GDPR and other European privacy legal acts. In doing so, the EFDPO aims to strengthen data protection as a competitive and locational advantage for Europe.
The Europol Data Protection Experts Network (EDEN) within the Europol Platform for Experts (EPE) is an online collaboration platform which has been developed with the aim of involving stakeholders from various backgrounds including law enforcement as well as representatives of relevant private parties, academia and NGO. EDEN is used as a channel to present projects, best practices and events linked to data protection in a law enforcement context. EDEN is an invitation only network and not suitable for the exchange of operational personal data or classified information. As part of Europol’s Data Protection Function (DPF) outreach activities, and within the umbrella of EDEN, the DPF is yearly organising the EDEN Conferences. The concept of the conferences is to bring together a diverse group of representatives from different sectors, both on stage and within the audience. Speakers are usually selected and invited based on their proven professional knowledge and expertise in various subject matter areas related to data protection.
Elsevier is a global information analytics business that helps institutions and professionals advance healthcare, open science and improve performance for the benefit of humanity. The Computer Law and Security Review published by Elsevier is an international journal of technology law and practice providing a major platform for publication of high quality research, policy and legal analysis within the field of IT law and computer security.
The European Union Agency for Cybersecurity, ENISA, is the Union’s agency dedicated to achieving a high common level of cybersecurity across Europe. Established in 2004 and strengthened by the EU Cybersecurity Act, the European Union Agency for Cybersecurity contributes to EU cyber policy, enhances the trustworthiness of ICT products, services and processes with cybersecurity certification schemes, cooperates with Member States and EU bodies, and helps Europe prepare for the cyber challenges of tomorrow. More information under www.enisa.europa.eu.
The European Centre on Privacy and Cybersecurity (ECPC), established under the Law Faculty of Maastricht University, offers executive education programmes closely intertwined with the centre’s research on legal issues related to personal data protection and cybersecurity. A growing number of certified professionals are required to deal with new regulations and on-going developments in the privacy and cybersecurity market. In order to meet this global demand, ECPC offers a complete track of regular practice-oriented DPO training and certification courses, a full diploma track on privacy management, conferences and seminars on emerging issues and challenges. A brand new Advanced Master in Privacy, Cybersecurity, Data Management and Leadership will prepare the managers of today for the challenges of tomorrow.
The EDRi network is a dynamic and resilient collective of 47 NGOs, experts, advocates and academics working to defend and advance digital rights across the continent. For two decades, it has served as the backbone of the digital rights movement and has achieved landmark successes in digital rights in Europe. EDRi‘s mission is to challenge private and state actors who abuse their power to control or manipulate the public. We do so by advocating for robust and enforced laws, informing and mobilising people, promoting a healthy and accountable technology market, and building a movement of organisations and individuals committed to digital rights and freedoms in a connected world.
The European Trade Union Institute is the independent research and training centre of the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) which itself affiliates European trade unions into a single European umbrella organisation. The ETUI places its expertise – acquired in particular in the context of its links with universities, academic and expert networks – in the service of workers’ interests at European level and of the strengthening of the social dimension of the European Union.
The Fundamental Rights European Experts Group (FREE Group) is a Belgian NGO. According to art 3 and 4 of its Statute the association focus is on monitoring, teaching and advocating in the European Union freedom security and justice related policies. In the same framework we follow also the EU actions in protecting and promoting EU values and fundamental rights in the Member States as required by the article 2, 6 and 7 of the Treaty on the European Union (risk of violation by a Member State of EU founding values)"
The Future of Privacy Forum (FPF) is a Washington, DC based think tank that seeks to advance responsible data practices. The forum is led by Internet privacy experts Jules Polonetsky and Christopher Wolf and includes an advisory board comprised of leading figures from industry, academia, law and advocacy groups.
The INSA Centre Val de Loire (France) was established on 1 January 2014 following the merger of the Val de Loire ENI (National Engineering School) and Bourges ENSI (Graduate Engineering School). Having absorbed these two schools, the Institute now awards four engineering degrees: Energy, Risk and the Environment together with the Cher Chamber of Commerce and Industry (CCI) Hubert Curien CFSA (Apprentice Further Training Centre) in Bourges, Industrial Systems Engineering, Industrial Risk Control and Information Technology and Cybersecurity. The Institute was extended on 1 January 2015 when it absorbed the National Graduate School for Nature and Landscape, which has now become the "School for Nature and Landscape" department. This will award the State Landscape Architect Degree after a five-year higher education course leading to a Master's. Like all of the INSA engineering schools, the INSA Centre Val de Loire is authorised to award PhDs. With 200 members of staff – teachers, research professors, administrative and technical staff – the Institute now trains 1,680 highly skilled students on its two campuses in Blois and Bourges.
The Information Commissioner's Office (ICO) is the UK’s independent regulator that exists to: empower people about their information rights; empower organisations to use information responsibly and confidently to invest and innovate; and, empower transparency that helps us all trust in the decisions taken by public bodies.
The Interdisciplinary Centre for Security, Reliability and Trust (SnT) at the University of Luxembourg conducts internationally competitive research on a wide variety of topics related to information and communication technology (ICT) with the goal of creating socio-economic impact. The centre counts more that 400 researchers from all over the world working on highly innovative collaborative projects with industry and the public sector.
The KU Leuven Digital Society Institute (DigiSoc) is an interdisciplinary institute that was founded in May 2021 as response to our university’s strong focus on interdisciplinarity, and the growing need for responsible technological innovation. DigiSoc joins the expertise of more than 70 professors of various KU Leuven research groups in Science, Engineering & Technology, Humanities & Social Sciences, and Biomedical Sciences, with the shared goal of enabling an inclusive digital society based on responsible, ethical and sustainable (use of) technologies
The multidisciplinary Research Group on Law, Science, Technology & Society (LSTS) was created in 2003 as an independent entity within the Faculty of Law & Criminology at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel. With more than 30 researchers at all levels of experience, LSTS has become a prominent European research institute in the area of technology regulation. LSTS researchers’ expertise covers a wide range of topics related to developments in information and communication technologies including privacy, data protection, surveillance, intellectual property rights, security, e-health and digital legal theory. The research group has secured funding for a range of projects from various bodies including the European Commission, FWO and more. LSTS researchers also operate the Brussels Privacy Hub, an internationally-focused privacy research centre, Privacy Salon, an NGO aiming at public awareness of privacy and other social and ethical consequences of new technologies, and the Brussels Laboratory for Data Protection & Privacy Impact Assessments (d.pia.lab). LSTS is also the main organiser of the CPDP conference.
The Lawyers Hub is a Law-Tech organisation that works on Digital policy and Justice innovation. Headquartered in Kenya and serving the global south, The Lawyers Hub runs the Africa Digital Policy Institute, Africa Law Tech Association, The Africa Startup Law Accelerator and convenes the annual Africa Law Tech Festival and the Africa Legal Innovation week on Justice innovation. The organisation is the publisher of the Africa Journal on Law & Tech. The Lawyers Hub work is focused on Privacy and Data Protection, Artificial intelligence, Intellectual Property, Digital Identity, Internet Governance, Digital Tax and lending, Tech and Democracy. Our mission is to convene policy leaders from across Africa in the law and technology sectors, to build the capacity of policy leaders and technologists to collaborate in creating, developing and sharing ideas in innovation, policy and regulation and to research and offer thought leadership on the confluence of law and technology.
Established in 2002, Lexxion is a dynamic legal publisher based in Berlin focusing on niche areas of European law and policy. Our core areas of competences include EU competition, data protection, substance and environmental law. As well as producing journals, books and blogs, the publisher also hosts conferences, trainings and seminars for legal professionals, academics and policy makers. Since 2015, Lexxion has published EDPL, the now leading journal in European data protection law. The peer-reviewed journal reports on key legislative developments and addresses relevant legal, regulatory, and administrative progresses in EU Member States and institutions.
Mozilla is a global non-profit dedicated to putting you in control of your online experience and shaping the future of the web for the public good. The Mozilla Foundation works to ensure the internet remains a public resource that is open and accessible to us all.
The Center for Law, Information and Creativity (CLIC) at Northeastern University School of Law combines the study of data, privacy, and creativity with social justice. CLIC is a unique environment attracting diverse scholars, lawyers, students, creators, innovators, start-up ventures and established companies to study the regulation of information with the aim of promoting progress. Faculty affiliated with CLIC teach courses and conduct research in information security, privacy regulation, entertainment and media law, intellectual property, internet and e-commerce, lawyering and entrepreneurship, and creative communities. CLIC aims to have a public impact through its research, teaching, program development and partnerships.
Noyb – European Centre for Digital Rights based in Vienna, Austria. The non-profit association noyb is committed to the legal enforcement of European data protection laws. Since 2018, noyb has filed almost 1000 acses cases against numerous infringements by private actors. noyb is funded by more than 5000 supporting members.
Privacy Salon vzw is a non-profit organisation founded by Paul de Hert, Rosamunde van Brakel and Ulrich Seldeslachts in 2014. Privacy Salon vzw builds upon the wealth of experience and network of the interdisciplinary research group on Law, Science, Technology and Society (LSTS) at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel, the well-known Computers, Privacy and Data Protection (CPDP) conferences and the European Network of Security Professionals, Research and Industry (LSEC). Privacy Salon co-organises the annual conference of CPDP, as well as numerous public side events focusing on legal and societal issues posed by current and future technologies, including an annual art exhibition.
Quantum Software Consortium (QSC) is a Gravitation Project of QuSoft (University of Amsterdam, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica), Leiden University and QuTech (Delft University of Technology, Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research). Developing new quantum software, by exploiting the counterintuitive effects of quantum mechanics, requires a unison of ideas from computer science, mathematics, and quantum physics. Large-scale efforts in the Netherlands and around the world are in progress to develop quantum technologies, as a full-blown quantum computer and large-scale quantum internet will have unprecedented computational and communication abilities. In order to achieve this move forward, forces must be combined. Therefore QSC is building a new research community in the Netherlands in quantum information science.
SCOPE Europe is an association supporting the co-regulation of the information economy. It acts as a think tank to discuss and debate key issues in digital policy and provides an umbrella organisation for a range o f co-regulatory measures in the digital industry. SCOPE Europe was founded in February 2017 as a subsidiary of the German non profit organization SRIW e.V. (Selbstregulierung Information - swirtschaft Self Regulation Information Economy) and, in May 2021, became the first Monitoring Body to be accredited under the European General Data Protection Regulation pursuant Art. 41.
‘Think tank for digital technologies, politics and society Many excellent research institutes and think tanks already contribute to the fields of foreign policy, economic policy or environmental policy in Germany. Issues related to new technologies however lack comparable expert organisations that focus on current politics and social debates. The Stiftung Neue Verantwortung (SNV) wants to fill this gap in the landscape of German institutes and think tanks. This think tank seeks to provide a focal point for all people whose work covers current political and social questions of the cross-sectional issue of digitalization. We compile and publish analyses, develop recommendations for action for policymakers, conduct expert workshops, invite experts to engage in publicly accessible policy debates, and explain contexts and backgrounds in the media.‘
TU Berlin is one of the large, internationally renowned technical universities in Germany. The Information Systems Engineering (ISE) Research Group, as part of the Faculty IV - Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, researches and develops innovative methods and tools that can be used to design modern application systems in such a way that a wide range of critical quality properties, such as data protection, can be ensured and brought into line with actual development practices. Latest research projects regarding Privacy Engineering focus on transparency & accountability, data subject access requests, and advanced anonymization techniques.
The International Network of Civil Liberties Organizations (INCLO) is a network of 15 independent, national human rights organizations from different countries in the North and South that work together to promote fundamental rights. INCLO supports and mutually reinforces the work of member organizations and collaborates on bilateral and multilateral bases. INCLO believes member organizations are stronger together, able to help deliver lasting victories, amplify each other’s success and share knowledge, skills and resources. INCLO has decades of experience winning meaningful social change and drawing upon its deep knowledge of the legal, political and cultural landscapes in 15 countries
The Center for Long-Term Cybersecurity is a leading hub for cybersecurity research, education, and collaboration. From our home at UC Berkeley’s School of Information, with close ties to Silicon Valley, we act as a translator and two-way bridge between cutting-edge academic research and industry and policy needs. We serve as a convening platform to promote dialogue across government, academia, industry, and civil society. In affiliation with UC Berkeley’s Master of Information and Cybersecurity degree program, we are developing the next generation of professionals who will shape cybersecurity practice and policy for years to come.
The University of Amsterdam is ambitious, creative and committed: a leader in international science and a partner in innovation, the UvA has been inspiring generations since 1632.
Helsinki Institute for Social Sciences and Humanities (HSSH) promotes the renewal of content and methodology in the research fields in social sciences and humanities, with a special emphasis on the challenges of the rapidly emerging data-intensive society. The institute also supports multidisciplinary and inspiring research collaboration between research groups of SSH faculties of the University of Helsinki and with partners outside the university. The University of Helsinki is Finland’s largest and oldest academic institution and an innovative centre of science and thinking. Since 1640, we have contributed to the establishment of a fair and equal society that is considered one of the best in the world. Today, our multidisciplinary academic community solves problems that affect us all – with the power of knowledge, for the world.
The Department of Innovation and Digitalisation in Law was founded in 2017 at the University of Vienna's Law School. We deal with a wide range of legal questions concerning the modern media and information society from a European perspective. The Department focuses on information technology and intellectual property law, with a special interest in privacy/data protection and copyright law. Another area of research is e-commerce and consumer protection law as well as Legal Tech. We are convinced that an adequate answer to legal, ethical and social questions arising with the development of technology requires an interdisciplinary approach.
Born of the combined will of universities, grandes écoles and research organizations, Université Paris-Saclay is one of the major universities in the Europe and the world, covering the sectors of Science and Engineering, Life Sciences and Health, and Humanities and Social Sciences. Its scientific policy closely associates research and innovation, and is expressed in both basic and applied sciences to anwser to major societal challenges. From undergraduate to doctoral studies, through programs of large schools, Université Paris-Saclay deploys a training offer on a wide spectrum of disciplines, with a goal of student success and professional integration. It prepares students for a rapidly changing society, where critical thinking, agility and the ability to renew one's skills are key. Université Paris-Saclay also offers a rich lifelong training program. Located to the south of Paris on a vast territory, the University of Paris-Saclay benefits from a geographical position favoring both its international visibility and close links with its socio-economic partners - large industrial groups, SMEs, start-ups, local authorities, associations... Present in the world's top 20 universities according to the ARWU 2022 ranking, Université Paris-Saclay is also ranked 1st university in France and the world's leading university in mathematics.
The Health and Ageing Law Lab (HALL) is a team of researchers who are specialised in themes linked to matters of health and ageing. HALL is a subgroup of the LSTS research group of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), focusing on the articulations of law, science, technology, ethics & society. The HALL team collaborates with different stakeholders in healthcare and medical research, including hospitals, universities, pharmaceuticals’ developers, manufacturers of medical devices and policy makers. HALL members actively participate in the EU Horizon-2020 projects and conduct the research to make the use of new technologies in health ethical and legal.
Vrije Universiteit Brussel is an internationally oriented university in Brussels, the heart of Europe. Through tailor-made high quality research and education, VUB wants to contribute in an active and committed way to a better society for tomorrow.
The International Observatory on Vulnerable People in Data Protection (Vulnera) is a research dissemination and networking platform focusing on the multifaceted connotations that the notion of human ‘vulnerability’ may assume in the data protection and privacy domains. Established under the Brussels Privacy Hub and Future of Privacy Forum Europe, the Observatory absolves primarily two functions: 1) Research and Education, by documenting a wide variety of resources, ranging from academic works to policy documents and judgments, arranged in thematic sections; and 2) Dissemination, by creating a multidisciplinary network of researchers, practitioners, public officials and activists with complementary expertise in order to promote a debate on the field.