Standards will determine HOW regulation is lived, what informed consent will look like concretely, how transparency of algorithms and data processing are to be lived concretely, what measures are necessary to avoid system bias or what it means to certify for an “ethics by design” label. The coming battle for privacy and ethics is around the standards in the making. Therefore, major standardization organizations have entered the scene; setting up technical and organizational standards addressing ethical concerns in system design. Amongst them, most prominently, IEEE with its IEEE’s Global Ethics Initiative. IEEE is not the only standardization organization active in this field. ISO/IEC and CEN/CENELEC are equally active in the domain, albeit not necessarily under the headline of ethics.
• What is the interplay between regulation and technical standards in the field of digital privacy and ethics?
• How powerful are standards in the field of privacy and ethics?
• What are the political challenges encountered in the building of standards?
• Should standards driven by ethical concerns replace regulation or are they complementary to the law?