Decision-making at the EU borders is supported by technological means. Especially Artificial Intelligence (AI) applications are increasingly explored and used at the EU border. Based on the processing of vast amounts of data such applications shall support border control and the identification of security risks. This raises concerns about fundamental rights and data protection. The panel sheds light on new technological trends in decision-making at the EU border such as models trained with Machine Learning (ML) for biometric identification and the assessments of security, migration or other risks. The panelists address practical problems and fundamental rights issues of the development and use of such technologies and discuss approaches to address the identified concerns and shortcomings of existing law and current practice.
• How can AI applications affect decision-making at EU borders?
• What are the benefits and risks of AI at the EU border? What are the main concerns for fundamental rights?
• Can we align fundamental rights and data protection?
• Do we need further regulation of AI in particular with regard to border policy? If yes, which instruments would be suitable and how should regulation look like?