Facial Recognition Technology (FRT) and the ability of computer vision in recognising people’s faces has been improving rapidly over the past decade. This technology serves public safety, citizens and society in important ways but also raises societal concerns that range from intrusions on privacy and informational self-determination to the rise of surveillance states. The European Commission announced legislation for a coordinated European approach on the human and ethical implications of AI, including FRT. In some Member States, DPAs have issued decisions on use cases, in others, legislation is on its way to introduce a legal basis for law enforcement purposes. Regulating FRT, whether on its own or as a part of a broader AI framework, will be complex but required in order to instill trust in its use and build guardrails to protect against its risks. This panel will provide an overview of the developments and current debate as well as an opportunity to discuss the conditions and safeguards that rule of law should provide for.