European data strategy and its key legislative measures, the Data Governance Act and the Data Act, have two stated goals. First, the strategy seeks to grow the data economy, innovation and data use in the Single Market. Second, a citizen-centric commitment to European values is declared. These are potentially conflicting goals, as human rights protection is often seen as a barrier to economic growth. EU’s strategy introduces novel data governance models, including data cooperatives, enabling European data policies that support democratic, citizen-centric data governance. Meanwhile, these new governance models might, if interests involved are not robustly regulated, rather create risks to human rights, than help protect and foster these. Reconciling internal market interests while protecting European values is key, if Europe wants to achieve digital sovereignty, while forging a real and trustworthy alternative model to other emerging digital societies.
• Which policy measures in the new Data Strategy have greatest transformative potential for the Internal Market?
• What are the greatest expected drivers and obstacles of data-driven innovation within the European data strategy?
• What are the potential points of conflict between economic growth from data and fundamental rights within the European data governance framework?
• Can the European commitment to citizen-centric, democratic data governance be maintained under the perceived competitive pressure with China and the US?