New police models are increasingly geared to predicting what will happen in the future. Two types of predictive policing are currently being implemented: predictive mapping and predictive identification. The discussion will mainly focus on the second type of predictive policing: predictive identification.Predictive identification refers to the use of new profiling technologies to predict criminal behaviour. Predictive policing raises several issues for democracy and fundamental rights. The panel will raise the following questions:
• What impact might predictive policing have on democracy?
• Does predictive policing respect the presumption of innocence?
• How should predictive policing be regulated? Is Data Protection enough? Are there technological solutions that can protect fundamental rights?
• What are the risks of unfair or illegal discrimination?